MI Procedures, Infection Risk Impacting Endoscopic Design
Conquering the Final Frontier won’t be easy.
Space is not the kindest environment for human biology: It deflates muscles, decalcifies bones, damages eyes, stresses the heart, changes immunity, and disrupts the genome.
Simply put, the cosmos shortens homo sapiens’ overall life expectancy.
The kidneys are particularly vulnerable to the universe’s harsh conditions because they can collect all the lost calcium from bones. Such an inclination can be dangerous for rocketeers—more than 30 astronauts have developed kidney stones within two years of their space flights, leaving them vulnerable during future trips to Mars or the moon (the average ETA to the Red Planet is seven months).